Ramadan 2019

Harare Zimbabwe RAMADAN CALENDAR 2019
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The month of Ramadan is highly honored by Allah, His Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as well as Muslims throughout generations.

In the Qur’an, Allah mentions Ramadan by name and refers to it in different verses. Allah Almighty says:

“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desires for you ease; He desires not hardship for you, and (He desires) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.” (Al-Baqarah 2:185)

So, the month of Ramadan is the month of Qur’an, fasting, Remembrance of Allah, `itikaf, visiting Muslims, getting your heart ready to receive the light of this month.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to say these words when the month of Sha`ban draws to a close, “O Muslims! A noble and generous month has come to you. A month in which a night is better than one thousand months and this month is the month of charity, patience, and mercy. In this month the gates of Paradise become wide open and the gates of Hell are shut, and the devils are chained…” (An-Nasa’i)

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) urged us to fast, not only from food and drink, but also to refrain from any bad behavior, whether it is against one’s self, the society or the humanity at large.

Had the Muslims really known the status of Ramadan in Allah’s Sight, they would have wished if the whole year is Ramadan.

 Health Guidelines on Eating in Ramadan AVOID:

  •  Fried and fatty foods. These can upset your stomach and give you indigestion and heartburn
  •  Foods containing too much sugar, especially at suhoor. These can cause your blood sugar levels to drop too quickly and can cause headaches, dizziness and tiredness
  •  Over-eating especially at suhoor. This can lead to indigestion, heartburn and constipation
  •  Too much tea at suhoor: Tea makes you pass more urine taking with it valuable mineral salts that your body would need during the day.
  • EAT:
  •  Slow-digesting foods at Suhoor. These last longer in the body thus making you feel less hungry
  •  Dates are excellent source of sugar, fibre, carbohydrates, potassium and magnesium
  •  Almonds are rich in protein and fibre with less fat
  •  Bananas are a good source of potassium, magnesium and carbohydrates
  • DRINK:
  •  As much water or fruit juices as possible between Iftar and bedtime so that your body can adjust fluid levels in time.
  • 7 You should not make du’a for anything that is haram or that involves harming certain people
  • 8 You must be patient in having your du’a accepted
  • 9 Be confident and have belief in Allah that He will accept your du’a
  • 10 It is recommended to repeat your du’a three times
  • 11 The best of prayers are the du’as of the Prophet [saw]*

                Adapted from As-Sayyid Sabiq, Fiqh us-Sunnah, American Trust Publications, 1991, Vol IV



  • Ramadhaan is a month of countless blessings and virtues. The word Ramadhaan is derived from "ramdh" which means "burning of the feet from heat" This is because of the fast, which burns the sins of a Muslim into ashes.
  • Ramadhaan has been given the name of blessed month because:
  • In this month, the whole Qur'aan was sent down to the first sky from Lauh-e-Mahfooz.
  • In this month, there is the night of Qadr which is better than loco months.
  • In this month, the thawaab of good deed is equal to the Fardh of another month.
  • This is the month of patience and the reward of this patience is Jannah.
  • This month teaches the lesson of kindness towards others.
  • In this month, the daily-bread of Muslims is increased.
  • In this month, the first ten days are of mercy, second ten days are of forgiveness and the last ten days are of being freed from Hell.
  • The month of Ramadhaan is a month in which the Mercy and Blessings of Allah ta'aalaa descend upon us continuously.
  • This month is so precious that one should fast, recite Qur'aan and keep himself engaged in worship (Ibaadah) day night. One should perform Taraaweeh, Nafl Salaat, make du'aaetc. In this way, by giving preference to religion over self-desires, a person can acquire the  Pleasure and Nearness of Allah. Each day and night of this blessed month can bring the  reward of Ibaadah of years.

                                                                               THINGS TO DO IN THIS MONTH


Four things have be instructed in the Hadeeth which one should continue to practice in abundance:

  1. Recite the Kalimah Tayyibah.
  2. Make Istighfaar.
  3. Ask for Jannah.
  4. Seek refuge in Allah from Hell.

In this month one should fast, perform all Salaat with congregation, engage in recitation of the Qur'aan, perform Taraaweeh, give charity and do whatever is possible to acquire the Pleasure of Allah. One should make sure that he does not do anything contrary to the Command of Allah and the teachings of His beloved Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.


In Ramadhaan, Allah has made fasting compulsory. It is one of the five pillars of Islaam. Just like the flower which outsmarts other flowers in its smell and colour, and like the fruit which surpasses the other fruits in its taste, the Ibaadah of fasting outweighs the other forms of devotions in reward. A person gives up everything whilst fasting, only to please his Almighty Creator. It is one of the most accepted forms of Ibaadah, because Allah Himself will give the reward for fasting.


Allah and His Angels send Mercy upon those who eat Sehri. Allah has made Sehri full of mercy and blessings. People of other religions also fast, but they do not eat Sahri, therefore, to differ from them, it is advisable to have at least a sip of water with the intention of Sehri before morning. After all, Sehri is a Sunnah of our beloved Prophetsallallahu alayhi wasallam.


Many virtues have been narrated for those who feed others when breaking fast. A person who feeds another who fasted in order to break the fast (at sunset), for him there shall be forgiveness and emancipation from the fire of Hell. Allah grants the same reward to him who gives a fasting person a mere date or a drink of water to break his fast.


In Ramadhaan, Allah has made 20 rak'at Taraaweeh Sunnah. It is also Sunnah to complete the full Qur'aan in Taraaweeh. Taraaweeh is Sunnah for women too.


This is a night of great blessings. It is better than a thousand months. The people of the past had very long lives compared to the much shorter lives of this Ummah. If this Ummah then wished to compete with them in doing of the good deeds, it would mean that because of the shorter lives it would be impossible for this Ummah to either emulate or surpass them. For this reason, Allah in His Infinite Mercy granted this Ummah, this night of great blessing. This night has great virtues i.e.

  1. The Qur'aan was revealed in this night.
  2. The reward of worship in this night is better than the reward of 1000 months.
  3. On this night, Jibra'eel descends to the earth with a group of angels, reciting salaam and praying for the blessings for those they see in Worship and Praises Allah.
  4. This is a night of peace. The blessings and mercy descends right until the break of day. The author of Mazahir-e-Haqq states the following significance and virtues of this auspicious night:
  • On this night, the angles were created.
  • On this night, the matter from which Adam alayhis salaam was created had been collected.
  • On this night, Jannah and Jahannam were created.
  • On this night, 'Eesaa alayhis salaam was raised up bodily into the heavens.
  • On this night, the repentance of Banoo Israa'eel was accepted.

It is stated in a Hadeeth: Whosoever stands in Ibaadah on this night with sincere faith and with genuine hopes of gaining reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.

Bukhaari, Muslim


There is a difference of opinion amongst the ulamaa about this night. According to the vast majority of them, the Laylatul Qadr falls on the odd dates of the last ten days of the month of Ramadhaan - i.e. 21, 23, 25, 27, 29. However, one should strive to search for this great night in all nights of the month of Ramadhaan, particularly in the last ten nights.



It was the general practice of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam to perform i'tikaaf in the last ten days of Ramadhaan. The women should also try to perform i'tikaaf in their homes. It is stated in a Hadeeth: Whoever performs i'tikaaf in the final ten days of Ramadhaan, for him is the reward of Hajj and Umrah.

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Harare Zimbabwe RAMADAN CALENDAR 2019
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Comments: 1
  • #1

    WA Salaam (Saturday, 04 May 2019 12:53)

    Assalaam alaykun waramatu llah wabarakaatu.
    This is highly appreciated, may Allah continue to strengthen you and all members of the team/ contributors to this course. Jazakallah khayran.